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Root cementum ultrastructure in healthy and periodontally diseased teeth

https://doi.org/10.33925/1683-3759-2020-25-4-317-321

Полный текст:

Аннотация

Relevance. Investigation of the root cementum ultrastructure in chronic generalized periodontitis is still relevant as changes in structure and composition of root cementum play a significant role in successful periodontal regeneration. Am is to study changes in the root cementum ultrastructure in patients with chronic generalized periodontitis.

Materials and methods. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to study the cementum surface of 9 teeth extracted due to severe chronic generalized periodontitis and 3 teeth with a clinically healthy periodontium extracted for orthodontic reasons. 3D visualization of the received SEM images was performed.

Results. The cementum of periodontally healthy teeth appeared homogeneous and regular,was covered in periodontal fibers and had a pebble-like or dome-shaped surface. In chronic periodontitis patients, the cementum surface was mostly irregular with multiple defects of various depth, areas of completely destroyed cementum, exposed dentinal tubules and a complete absence of periodontal fibers.

Conclusion. Loss of periodontal attachment and root cementum exposure to microbial biofilm may result in irreversible structural changes of the surface which may affect the regeneration of clinical attachment.

Об авторах

Е. S. Slazhneva
Evdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry
Россия

Slazhneva, Ekaterina S., post-graduate student of the Department of Periodontology

Moscow 



Е. А. Tikhomirova
Evdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry
Россия

Tikhomirova, Ekaterina A., post-graduate student of the Department of Periodontology

Moscow 



L. А. Elizova
Evdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry
Россия

Elizova, Larisa A., PhD, Assistant Professor of the Department of Periodontology

Moscow 



Е. S. Loboda
Pavlov First Saint Petersburg State Medical University
Россия

Loboda, Ekaterina S., PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of Restorative Dentistry and Periodontology

Saint Petersburg



L. Yu. Orekhova
Pavlov First Saint Petersburg State Medical University
Россия

Orekhova, Liudmila Yu., PhD, MD, DSc, Professor, Head of the Department of Restorative Dentistry and Periodontology

Saint Petersburg



V. G. Atrushkevich
Evdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry
Россия

Atrushkevich, Victoria G., PhD, MD, DSc, Professor of the Department of Periodontology

Moscow



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Для цитирования:


Slazhneva Е.S., Tikhomirova Е.А., Elizova L.А., Loboda Е.S., Orekhova L.Y., Atrushkevich V.G. Root cementum ultrastructure in healthy and periodontally diseased teeth. Пародонтология. 2020;25(4):317-321. https://doi.org/10.33925/1683-3759-2020-25-4-317-321

For citation:


Slazhneva E.S., Tikhomirova E.A., Elizova L.A., Loboda E.S., Orekhova L.Yu., Atrushkevich V.G. Root cementum ultrastructure in healthy and periodontally diseased teeth. Parodontologiya. 2020;25(4):317-321. https://doi.org/10.33925/1683-3759-2020-25-4-317-321

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ISSN 1683-3759 (Print)
ISSN 1726-7269 (Online)